What is a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan?
A Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) is a strategic and comprehensive approach to planning and managing urban transport systems in a sustainable way.
Why is the SUMP important for the development of the city?
It is important for urban development because it helps to create more liveable, efficient and sustainable cities by reducing congestion, air pollution and noise, and improving access to mobility for all citizens, including the elderly and people with disabilities. Through the implementation of defined measures, the SUMP promotes active modes of transport such as walking and cycling, as well as the use of public transport and clean vehicles.
What is the 15 minute city? How does it relate to SUMP?
The 15-minute city is an urban planning concept that aims to create neighbourhoods and urban areas where people can reach all their daily needs within 15 minutes by walking, cycling or public transport. This means that essential services such as grocery stores, schools, medical facilities, parks and cultural institutions are located in close proximity. The aim is to create more liveable, sustainable and resilient cities where people can enjoy a high quality of life without relying on cars or long commutes.
The 15-minute city is a key objective of many sustainable urban mobility plans. By creating compact and connected urban areas where people can easily reach all their daily needs by walking, cycling or public transport, the 15-minute city can reduce the need for private car use. This can help reduce congestion, air pollution and carbon emissions.
SUMP can support the realisation of the 15-minute city by providing a framework for integrating spatial and transport planning, identifying infrastructure needs and prioritising sustainable transport modes.