Course Content
Orientation, introduction to the course
1. Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)
2. Research Methods in Human-Robot Interaction
3. Smart Cities & HRI
The demand for city living is already high, and it appears that this trend will continue. According to the United Nations World Cities Report, by 2050, more than 70% of the world's population will be living and working in cities — one of many reports predicting that cities will play an important role in our future (UN-Habitat, 2022). Thus, as cities are growing in size and scope, it is shaped into complex urban landscape where things, data, and people interact with each other. Everything and everyone has become so connected that Wifi too often fails to meet digital needs, online orders don't arrive fast enough, traffic jams still clog the roads and environmental pollution still weighs on cities. New technologies, technical intelligence, and robots can contribute to the direction of finding solutions to ever-increasing problems and assist the evolution of the growing urban space.
Human-Robot Interaction
About Lesson

Loss of interest by user

In HRI literature, the “novelty effect” is frequently discussed, where people tend to pay more attention to and prefer to use a new and unfamiliar entity, however, the effect usually doesn’t last very long. Various robot applications have been tested in research settings, and the novelty effect has been observed to last from a few minutes to a few months at most. Therefore, even if positive outcomes are seen in a one-time experiment involving a robot, it is uncertain whether the effect will last over the long term. Longitudinal studies are required to provide evidence for positive HRI outcomes over time.


Read more about why it is important to design robots that can maintain users’ interest across multiple interactions and over time:

Read more about relevant studies that examine the novelty effect:


Bartneck, C. et al. (2020) Human-Robot Interaction: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: