Course Content
Orientation, introduction to the course
1. Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)
2. Research Methods in Human-Robot Interaction
3. Smart Cities & HRI
The demand for city living is already high, and it appears that this trend will continue. According to the United Nations World Cities Report, by 2050, more than 70% of the world's population will be living and working in cities — one of many reports predicting that cities will play an important role in our future (UN-Habitat, 2022). Thus, as cities are growing in size and scope, it is shaped into complex urban landscape where things, data, and people interact with each other. Everything and everyone has become so connected that Wifi too often fails to meet digital needs, online orders don't arrive fast enough, traffic jams still clog the roads and environmental pollution still weighs on cities. New technologies, technical intelligence, and robots can contribute to the direction of finding solutions to ever-increasing problems and assist the evolution of the growing urban space.
Human-Robot Interaction
About Lesson

Robot abuse

Researchers in the field of HRI have found that humans sometimes abuse robots when left unsupervised, a surprising discovery. This abusive behaviour is similar to intimidation and bullying, rather than vandalism, and is more common among children due to their tendency to anthropomorphize and develop social skills. Robot abuse poses a problem for the use of robots in public spaces, such as retail stores, as it can disturb business and create a negative experience for visitors. Store managers may be hesitant to use robots in their stores to avoid this problem. Bystanders are unlikely to intervene even though they may feel sympathetic toward the robots. Little experimental research has been conducted on the reasons for robot bullying, but a broader understanding of the phenomenon could lead to the development of strategies to discourage robot abuse and enable the smooth functioning of robots.


Read more for how human abuse robots:

A video of a robot trying to escape from children’s attack:


Bartneck, C. et al. (2020) Human-Robot Interaction: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: