Course Content
Orientation, introduction to the course
1. Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)
2. Research Methods in Human-Robot Interaction
3. Smart Cities & HRI
The demand for city living is already high, and it appears that this trend will continue. According to the United Nations World Cities Report, by 2050, more than 70% of the world's population will be living and working in cities — one of many reports predicting that cities will play an important role in our future (UN-Habitat, 2022). Thus, as cities are growing in size and scope, it is shaped into complex urban landscape where things, data, and people interact with each other. Everything and everyone has become so connected that Wifi too often fails to meet digital needs, online orders don't arrive fast enough, traffic jams still clog the roads and environmental pollution still weighs on cities. New technologies, technical intelligence, and robots can contribute to the direction of finding solutions to ever-increasing problems and assist the evolution of the growing urban space.
Human-Robot Interaction
About Lesson

How many types of smart infrastructures are there?

Infrastructure that is semi-intelligent

This infrastructure collects and stores data about its use, structural behavior, and environmental conditions, but it cannot make decisions based on that data. Maps that record a city’s pollution or vehicle traffic are examples of this infrastructure.

Intelligent infrastructure

This infrastructure collects data, processes information, and takes appropriate action autonomously (without human intervention) and dynamically, adapting to changing conditions. This category typically includes smart networks, smart buildings, smart public infrastructure, and smart beaches.

Smart networks

A smart network can efficiently incorporate the behavior and actions of all users connected to it, resulting in few losses and the maintenance of a high-quality and safe supply. A high-voltage energy transmission network, for example, is more automated and integrated, and better manages all the devices connected to it thanks to its smart network, achieving efficient and sustainable distribution.

Smart buildings

Smart buildings are those that are constructed with advanced installation and technological systems, a technology that allows for the automation of many internal processes in the building, such as heating, ventilation, lighting, security, and other systems.

Smart public infrastructures

Smart public infrastructures include electronic devices that transmit data that can then be used to improve their performance or the behavior of other systems.

Smart beaches

There are several projects underway to develop smart beaches. In Spain, Telefónica is working on a project that will allow users to get real-time information about Spanish beaches. Sensors, drones, smart parking, and smart traffic lights, among other technologies, will be used in this project.

Smart infrastructures are essential in smart cities because they provide numerous benefits.