Course Content
Orientation, introduction to the course
1. Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)
2. Research Methods in Human-Robot Interaction
3. Smart Cities & HRI
The demand for city living is already high, and it appears that this trend will continue. According to the United Nations World Cities Report, by 2050, more than 70% of the world's population will be living and working in cities — one of many reports predicting that cities will play an important role in our future (UN-Habitat, 2022). Thus, as cities are growing in size and scope, it is shaped into complex urban landscape where things, data, and people interact with each other. Everything and everyone has become so connected that Wifi too often fails to meet digital needs, online orders don't arrive fast enough, traffic jams still clog the roads and environmental pollution still weighs on cities. New technologies, technical intelligence, and robots can contribute to the direction of finding solutions to ever-increasing problems and assist the evolution of the growing urban space.
Human-Robot Interaction
About Lesson


There is a worry that social robots, in particular, may result in people becoming too reliant on them for social and physical interactions. It is conceivable that in the future, some individuals may prefer robots as interaction or even life partners over humans. Although it is not necessarily problematic for individuals to prefer robots for certain interactions, such as online shopping over in-person shopping, we should be cautious about the potential negative effects of substituting human social interaction with robot social interaction. One concern is that people may perceive robots as offering friendship, even though the robot’s ability to form genuine relationships is artificial. Conversations with robots may be enjoyable and even therapeutic, but there is a risk that the user may become overly dependent on the robot, desiring its company. Because robots are likely to be controlled by corporations to some degree, there is a concern that dependence and addiction may be desirable qualities in robots.


Bartneck, C. et al. (2020) Human-Robot Interaction: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: