Course Content
Orientation, introduction to the course
1. Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)
2. Research Methods in Human-Robot Interaction
3. Smart Cities & HRI
The demand for city living is already high, and it appears that this trend will continue. According to the United Nations World Cities Report, by 2050, more than 70% of the world's population will be living and working in cities — one of many reports predicting that cities will play an important role in our future (UN-Habitat, 2022). Thus, as cities are growing in size and scope, it is shaped into complex urban landscape where things, data, and people interact with each other. Everything and everyone has become so connected that Wifi too often fails to meet digital needs, online orders don't arrive fast enough, traffic jams still clog the roads and environmental pollution still weighs on cities. New technologies, technical intelligence, and robots can contribute to the direction of finding solutions to ever-increasing problems and assist the evolution of the growing urban space.
Human-Robot Interaction
About Lesson

What are smart infrastructures?

Smart infrastructures are defined as an intelligent system that uses a data feedback loop to enhance decision-making is known as smart infrastructure. a device that uses sensor data to monitor, measure, analyze, communicate, and take action.

Smart infrastructures are built on four principles: data, analytics, feedback, and adaptability, in addition to their physical structure (cabling, sensors, etc.).

  • Data is the fundamental element required for a smart system to function and the raw material required for the operation of a smart infrastructure.
  • Analytics: Information analysis is essential for obtaining useful information for decision-making.
  • A data feedback loop is essential for any smart system. This feedback is visible when information about how an asset is used is collected, and this information is used to improve how the system operates.
  • Adaptability: Smart systems are those that not only adapt to current demands but also future demands.

(Mehmood et al., 2020)


Mehmood, R., Katib, S. S. I., & Chlamtac, I. (2020). Smart infrastructure and applications. Springer International Publishing.