Course Content
Orientation, introduction to the course
1. Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)
2. Research Methods in Human-Robot Interaction
3. Smart Cities & HRI
The demand for city living is already high, and it appears that this trend will continue. According to the United Nations World Cities Report, by 2050, more than 70% of the world's population will be living and working in cities — one of many reports predicting that cities will play an important role in our future (UN-Habitat, 2022). Thus, as cities are growing in size and scope, it is shaped into complex urban landscape where things, data, and people interact with each other. Everything and everyone has become so connected that Wifi too often fails to meet digital needs, online orders don't arrive fast enough, traffic jams still clog the roads and environmental pollution still weighs on cities. New technologies, technical intelligence, and robots can contribute to the direction of finding solutions to ever-increasing problems and assist the evolution of the growing urban space.
Human-Robot Interaction
About Lesson


Robotic technology has numerous applications that are expected to make a positive difference in people’s lives. The use of robots is increasingly gaining traction in the technology market, with adventurous start-ups emerging to develop and sell applications, while established information technology (IT) industries are keen to understand and develop robots that can interact successfully with people.

A successful robot application means something different depending on the perspective one takes. Researchers are interested in measurable outcomes and usability, while entrepreneurs may prioritize a “good enough” technical solution that can generate sales figures. Some may even intentionally develop unsuccessful applications for entertainment or to encourage critical thinking about the design and use of robotic technology.

Currently, most robot applications remain at the research stage, but this is expected to change rapidly. The first wave of commercial success in robotics involved automating industrial production, and the next wave is expected to introduce robots in dynamic and open environments where people are present, such as in customer service, companionship, and assistive roles. Robots need to interact with people in these environments effectively, so a solid understanding of how robots should behave around people and how people respond to and benefit from robots is needed to ensure success.

This unit presents an overview of different types of robots and their categorization based on their usage.

See a brief video that describes what is robotics:


Bartneck, C. et al. (2020) Human-Robot Interaction: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: