Course Content
Orientation, introduction to the course
1. Human-Robot Interaction (HRI)
2. Research Methods in Human-Robot Interaction
3. Smart Cities & HRI
The demand for city living is already high, and it appears that this trend will continue. According to the United Nations World Cities Report, by 2050, more than 70% of the world's population will be living and working in cities — one of many reports predicting that cities will play an important role in our future (UN-Habitat, 2022). Thus, as cities are growing in size and scope, it is shaped into complex urban landscape where things, data, and people interact with each other. Everything and everyone has become so connected that Wifi too often fails to meet digital needs, online orders don't arrive fast enough, traffic jams still clog the roads and environmental pollution still weighs on cities. New technologies, technical intelligence, and robots can contribute to the direction of finding solutions to ever-increasing problems and assist the evolution of the growing urban space.
Human-Robot Interaction
About Lesson

Prototyping tools

New prototyping kits and tools for interactive technologies have made it easier for people with different technical expertise and economic resources to design robots. Kits like LEGO Mindstorms and Vex Robotics Design System provide bricks for building and programming simple robot prototypes, while newer kits like Little Bits offer easy-to-use plug-and-play electronic bricks. Arduino microcontroller and Raspberry Pi single-board computer offer more flexibility in design but require more technical know-how. Even smartphones can be used to control robots, with Robovie-MR2 as an early example. The availability of these tools not only makes HRI prototyping easier but also more accessible to the masses, including students, hobbyists, and potential users. As technology continues to evolve, more people are being engaged in technology design through these tools.


Bartneck, C. et al. (2020) Human-Robot Interaction: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available at: