Passive solar design is a method of heating and cooling living spaces by utilizing the energy from the sun without mechanical devices. The design takes into account the building’s site, climate, and materials to minimize energy use, and is centered around the movement of the sun. The building must be oriented towards the south in the northern hemisphere and towards the north in the southern hemisphere, where the sun is most intense. The building must also be a thermal accumulator, retaining heat for use during cold times, and a good heat trap, using insulation to reduce heat loss and optimize windowing. There are three basic types of passive solar design: direct gain, indirect gain (utilizing a trombe wall), and isolated gain (utilizing a sunspace). To maximize efficiency, a selective coating can be applied instead of dark paint and the trombe wall can be installed with special holes and fans to improve heat transfer.
Description of the Course
Team and Planning
The importance of sustainability in construction
Passive and Active Solar Design
Energy consumption, EU Ecolabel, green building materials and durability of buildings
Building engineering systems